A short history of Czechoslovak stamps
© 1998 by Gerhard Batz
June 1, 1850 Issue of the first Austrian stamp which is also valid on the territory which later will be Czechoslovakia
May 1, 1867 Founding of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, also Hungarian stamps are valid in the Czech and Slovak lands
October 28, 1918 After World War I, declaration of independence of Czechoslovakia
October 30, 1918 Decree of the revolutionary council in Prague to use Austrian and Hungarian stamps with overprints, e.g. "Provisorní Československá Vláda" and others
November 7, 1918 Scouts provided mail service. First Czechoslovak stamps, the so-called "Skautské", have been issued
December 18, 1918 The first regular Czechoslovak stamp has been issued, the well-known "Hradčany" stamp, designed by Alfons Mucha
End of 1918/Beginning of 1919 The Czech Legion fighting in Russia has a number of own stamps for use by its forces on the Transsibirian Railroad to Vladivostok
February 28, 1919 Austrian and Hungarian stamps loose their validity, cancelled by the overprint "Pošta Československá 1919".
December 12, 1919 These cancelled Austrian and Hungarian stamps were sold to collectors at the main post office in Prague
January 31, 1920 Definite end of validity of Austrian and Hungarian stamps
February 1920 Special stamps valid on the plebiscit territory of Eastern Silesia, overprint "SO 1920"
September 28, 1938 Aggreement of Munich, end of the 1st Czechoslovak Republic, Czechoslovak stamps with various overprints in the "Sudetenland", the so-called 2nd Republic till the German occupation has got stamps with "Česko-Slovensko"
March 14, 1939 The Slovak part of Czechoslovakia declares its independence, under the protection of the 3rd Reich an independent country with own stamps till 1944
March 15, 1939 Hitler occupies the rest of Czechoslovakia, begin of the so-called "Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren" under German domination with own stamps till 1945
March 15, 1939 In the capital Chust declaration of independence of the Carpatho-Ukraine, the easternmost province, for one day own stamps and then again in 1944 after occupation by the Russian Red Army
March 16, 1939 End of the Carpatho-Ukraine by occupation by Hungary
1944/1945 In the Czech lands and Slovakia so-called "revolutionary stamps" were used, stamps of "Böhmen und Mähren" with different overprints
May 8, 1945 End of World War II, re-founding of Czechoslovakia without the Carpatho-Ukraine which becomes part of the Soviet Union
February 25, 1948 The communists gain the power, Czechoslovak People's Republic
July 11, 1960 New constitution, the country calls itself "ČSSR", Czechoslovak Socialistic Republic
March 30, 1990 After the "Velvet Revolution" on November 17, 1989, the country calls itself "ČSFR", Czech and Slovak Federative Republic
January 1, 1993 Foundation of the Czech Republic with own stamps - Česká Republika
January 1, 1993 Foundation of Slovakia with own stamps - Slovensko
LINKS AND RESOURCESlast update: March 11, 2004
Now more than 150 links in this section of the website
In this section I want to show a complete list with links to websites which
deal with Czech, Slovak and Czechoslovak stamps and philately. For this I need your help.
So if you know such websites or if yourself maintain a site which deals
with that topics let it me know and write by e-mail
and I will post these links here on this page.
I don't accept any responsibility for the contents of the websites where the links are directed to.
For more than three years, this link list has rapidly grown up and it became an increasing problem to show all these links on one single page in a convenient way. And because the number of links now jumped over 100, I decided to divide this page into categories on different sub-pages which you can reach by clicking on the links below. I hope this will be more convenient for you when looking for special themes and topics.
General Czechoslovak/Czech/Slovak Information Pages
The pages contain more than 100 extensive or short portraits of Czech and Slovak (stamp) artists, in addition to them cca. 100 individual stamp pages, many other stamp examples, a lot of background information about the history and "philosophy" of Czech and Slovak stamp producing and complete lists with the stamps of individual artists. On the starting page, there is the possibility to jump to one introduction page in Czech and to many pages which have been translated in English.